Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Service Learning Should NOT be Mandatory For College...

Service learning is the name for forcing college students to do volunteer work as part of their college careers. The hope is that this volunteer work will give students a better sense of civic duty, and thus, be a worthy addition to college curriculums. However, this idea relies on the faulty premise that if one is forced to volunteer that one will derive the same benefits as someone who does it out of their own desire to help. Mandatory service learning will not have the desired effect, and should not be forced upon students. It is perhaps intuitive to think that by making students help others there will be a net positive; there could be no downside to volunteering time and effort to help the community. However, a more detailed†¦show more content†¦However, to a company their time is money. If a company is forced to give its time and resources to volunteer, it might as well give money instead. That money, in the form of taxes, is already paid by both companies and individuals to the government. That money, in turn, should be used to help communities when needed. If communities need extra help, the answer is increasing taxes to provide that extra help. Forcing college students to provide that help directly ignores the efficiencies gained from specialization. A college student, who isn’t even studying whatever field is needed, would be able to help more by working in their actual field for money, and then giving that money to a specialist, via the government, to provide the direct help. The only problem with that arrangement is that it doesn’t provide the positive feelings that directly helping would. However, gaining a positive sense of accomplishment at the expense of providing less efficient help is a purely selfish motivation. In the case of labor being needed that almost anyone could do, there is an even greater gain in having the public at large finance the work instead of doing it directly. Instead of having a college student learn about basic construction, which he will likely never use again in his career, wouldn’t it make more sense to pay someone local to the community to do the work instead? That way, not only is the work done, butShow MoreRelatedMilitary Academic Skills Program5250 Words   |  21 PagesForester The Defense of Duffer’s Drift, Swinton The Killer Angels, Shaara The Soldier’s Load, Marshall U.S. Constitution VOLUNTARY EDUCATION RECOMMENDED MOS-RELATED MILITARY DISTANCE LEARNING COURSES MCI 0481 - Landing Support Specialist RECOMMENDED GENERAL MILITARY DISTANCE LEARNING COURSES The following MCI courses are recommended for all ranks: MCI 0055 - Hazardous Material/ Hazardous Waste Marine MCI 0112C - Counseling for Marines MCI 0118K - Spelling MCI 3420/25A/26A - PersonalRead MoreMentoring and Enabling Learning in the Practice Setting Essay5052 Words   |  21 PagesMentoring and enabling learning in the practice setting A reflective account of my experience of facilitating learning, assessing and teaching a student or co-worker, and how this experience will inform my future development within the mentor or practice teacher role. Student Number: 2930211 Word Count: 3150 Part 1: Introducing the Mentorship role I am a band five registered paediatric nurse based on an orthopaedic and spinal surgical ward in a tertiary paediatric hospital. I am currentlyRead MoreStrategy Safari by Mintzberg71628 Words   |  287 PagesSTRATEGY SAFARI A GUIDED TOURTHROUGH THE WILDS OF STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT HENRY MINTZBERG BRUCE AHLSTRAND JOSEPH LAMPEL T H E FREE PRESS NEW YORK aJaiz. u.frmiu/i  «...* „.;i†¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¢/ . †¢ . . †¢. »Ã¢â‚¬ ¢.. . .. †¢..†¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¢.-.†¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¢a/itiktSii^i THE FREE PRESS A Division of Simon Schuster Inc. 1230 Avenue of the Americas New York, NY 10020 Copyright  © 1998 by Henry Mintzberg, Ltd., Bruce Ahlstrand, and Joseph Lampel All rights reserved, including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. 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O bjectives of the study T o analyze HRM technique and methods T o analyze how employees help a company in differentiating itself from its c ompetitors T o analyze how companies attract the best - knowledge workers and retain employees in a competitive environment T o analyzeRead More_x000C_Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis355457 Words   |  1422 PagesAssistant: Jennifer Liang Marketing Communications Manager: Jessica Perry Project Manager, Editorial Production: Jennifer Risden Creative Director: Rob Hugel Art Director: Vernon Boes Print Buyer: Karen Hunt Permissions Editor: Isabel Alves Production Service: Newgen–Austin Text Designer: Stuart Paterson Photo Researcher: Gretchen Miller Copy Editor: Nancy Dickson Illustrator: Jade Myers; Newgen–India Cover Designer: Stuart Paterson Cover Image: Paul Chesley/Getty Images Cover Printer: Courier Corporation/KendallvilleRead MoreDiversity Training Programmes Essay2384 Words   |  10 Pagesprogrammes for diversity should begin on the exploration of staff’s own cultural values, belief and practices including their own prejudices (Papadopoulos, et al., 1998). 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Rich and Poor Theme in Charles Dickens Great...

Rich and Poor Theme in Charles Dickens Great Expectations Throughout the novel, there are many themes, one of them being rich and poor. This theme is introduced by the background description in the opening pages. In this novel the attitudes of the rich relatives, (uncle Pumblechook), are a great contrast to those of lower financial class, - Joe and Mrs. Joe. Special food is reserved for when richer relatives come around; this is a motion of respect. For the duration of the novel, Pip pursues wealth and when he finally attains it he finds it’s useless as he sees its source as ‘tainted’, his wealth is acquired through Magwich. Greed is a significant factor. During the novel, there are a lot of links comparing rich and†¦show more content†¦Irony is shown when Pip appears to come into money, - his great expectations have finally arrived. Once Pip has become ‘rich’, the certain people’s attitudes towards him transform. He is instantly shown immense respect from Pumblechook and the tailor. This demonstrates that because you have a wealthy status you immediately earn reverence and are assumed to more worthy. Over a period of time, Pip’s own attitude also begins to change. -Joe is treated with condescension and disdain, however Joe has no expectations of gaining from Pip’s good fortune, now or at any other time; he is too and honest and straight. He expects nothing but what comes from his own efforts. - Towards debt, Pip becomes unable to manage and maintain control of his ‘expectations’. - Pip begins to treat Biddy as an inferior as he feels he is in a higher social standing. By doing this, Biddy’s feelings are hurt and she feels second-rate, as she is the only sensible and balanced influence in Pip’s life and she is rejected for Estella. - Miss Havisham receives gratitude and is mistakenly thanked for his expectations. - Estella is also being shown appreciation. However this is another false judgment on Pip’s part, Estella is selfish; she takes all and gives nothing, unlike Biddy who is generous and noble in her nature. Pip’s attitude changes immeasurably and he becomes anShow MoreRelated Attitudes toward Victorian Society in Great Expectations by Charles Dickens1156 Words   |  5 PagesGreat Expectations Explore some of the ways in which Dickens’ attitudes to Victorian society are presented in the opening chapter of Great Expectations. For this essay I will be focusing on the opening chapters of Great Expectations, a novel written by Charles Dickens. I am going to consider the Victorian society at the time and dickens’ use of language to express themes, settings and characters. Charles Dickens wrote this story in the Victorian times. 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Whether it is due to increases in inequality or the poor status of the economy, social mobility does not seem to be occurring at high rates, with the poor getting poorer and rich getting richer. Despite this, social mobility is alive and well, and has been for centuries. In his novel, Great Expectations, Charles Dickens voices the concerns of many that lived in Victorian England during the 19th centuryRead MoreGreat Expectations - Literary Analysis1674 Words   |  7 PagesAn Evaluation of Pip, and His Great Expectations In the year 1860, author Charles Dicken’s began his thirteenth novel, Great Expectations. The work is a coming-of-age novel, which tells the life story of an orphan boy named Pip, who much like Dickens’ in his earlier years is unhappy with his current life. A number of Charles Dickens’ personal life events are mirrored in the novel, leaving Great Expectations to be one of his most autobiographical works. 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Education Reforms In Australia Samples †

Question: Discusss about the Education Reforms In Australia. Answer: Introduction. Noteworthy, an educated and skillful labor market is an asset for every economy hence the need for government to invest into education. Inevitably, technological and economic conditions are ever changing thus prompting the need for governments of both developed and developing countries to update their education system to enable their future task force to be productive and efficient contributors to the economic progress of their respective countries. The Australian government has recognized the importance of education thus it has made various structural and financial reforms to help boost its education performance nationally and globally. The various reforms implemented by the Australian government has had both negative and positive effects on its education sector. Negatively, a higher education tuition fee is likely to encourage a decline in the university education enrollment figures. However, this move has reduced government expenditure in education .Education reforms must be student and teacher based in terms of quality for exemplary performance. Noteworthy ,skilled labor market emanates from training and education thus the need for the Australian government to invest in quality teacher and learner training programs to boost and prepare the Australian labor market. Further, theres need for raising the academic requirement for the teaching profession through recruitment of brilliant academic minds. Also, incentives to be availed to teachers so that they are motivated to do their work which will result into good student performance .Nationalization of the Australian national curriculum has accorded equal opportunities and experiences for Australian student population. Additionally, theres need for more reforms in inequitable education practices which is evident in teacher shortages ,inadequate facilities and affordable tuition fees to accord equal student treatment. Largely, further investment into special need education system and early childhood education programs will promote quality and equitable education opportunities for all the students in Australia. There is more room for reform for the Australian education sector to make the students compete equally nationally and globally. Reforms Recently, education reforms have taken root in Australia. Particularly, there has been a 1.8percent tuition fee increase for higher education students between the years of 2018 -21 amounting to an overall 7.5percent fee increase(Bexley,2017)Negatively ,higher education students have been affected in that those disadvantaged students will have to access credit facilities to facilitate their education and pay it within short period of time. This move is considered burdensome and likely to cause a significant decline in the number of University graduates due to high tuition fees. Quality education is a growing current and future concern for policymakers. Academic institutions unlikely to offer competition will be phased out by competitive education institutions. Due to the aging population, theres need for more business oriented teaching models to prepare the future Taskforce for the Australian Job market. According to the PISA, Australian education systems has been crippled by inequality. Primarily, disadvantaged students are unable to access quality education due to their disadvantaged social economic background. Further, urban schools offer better learning opportunities as compared to rural schools (Perry, 2017). Educational inequality may be due to disparities in opportunities, experiences and outcomes. Moreover ,inequity in education is characterized by teacher shortages and discriminatory or inadequate teaching resource allocation and distribution(Perry,2017)However, its recommended that the government of Australia implements structural reforms inclusive of eliminating segregation and stratification in its education sector. The recently proposed higher education reform by the Australian government has addressed participation and partnership programs for higher education students. Further, it encourages access to higher education for the Australian students and equity in institutions for higher learning(Croucher,2017)However ,the proposed reforms has increased tuition fees for university students despite substantial tuition fees cuts by the government .Notably, students will incur a 46percent increase as compared to the previous 42 percent(Croucher,2017)On the downside, students are expected to repay the credit tuition loan within short time span which could prove burdensome and a disincentive for most students.Also,the Australian education reform system ough to address poor performance of Australian students in reading, Mathematics and Scientific literacy .According to the Program for International Student Assessment, the score of an Australian fifteen-year-old student has dropped significantly(Wilson ,Dalton and Baumann,2015)Notably, this poor performance is 3 years behind the performance of a 15-year-old student based in Shanghai. Moreover, the performance of an Australian 15 years old students in Science and Mathematics is equal to a 12-year-old student performance in the Korean Republic(Wilson, Dalton and Baumann,2015)Also ,theres need for increased student participation in Scientific,technological,engineering and mathematics disciplines by Australian students. Noteworthy, Australian student performance is below the organization for economic cooperation and development average (Wilson, Dalton and Baumann, 2015)Moreover, the Australian government has implemented a higher education deregulation plan to curb financial education expenditure in the Australian 2014 budget. Government funding towards higher education fees has significantly been slashed (Yaxley,2016)The Australian government seeks to restore quality education through restoration of funding cuts through a $14billlion investment into the higher education sector. Significantly, this budget restoration will boost the number of higher education applications due to its affordability. This is because in the case of funding, students will pay less tuition fees thus accessibility and affordability for most of the Australian student population (Yaxley,2016) Noteworthy ,the Australian Budget 2016 was indicative of government commitment to education reforms in Australia. Notably, thirty-three billion point seven Australian dollars was allocated for education expenditure inclusive of an additional funding arrangement of $1.2 billion for the years 2018-20(Savage and King,,2016). Finances play a crucial role in resource allocation for better education performance. To boost equity in education,$118.2 million Australian dollars been allocated for disabled students in the Australian education sector. In addition, teachers will be paid according to their performance thus a way of boosting quality education and motivating Australian teachers. According to the Australian, education reform must address the quality and objective of education .Implementation of Collective planning, evaluation and critiquing learning techniques will go a long way in boosting student performance and future preparation (Hattie, 2016) Further, exemplary performing teachers be highly motivated to further exemplary student performance through a revolutionary college or Board .Moreover, theres need for significant investment into early childhood education system in Australia due to the existing gap of quality early childhood education system. Also, theres need to boost teacher morale through availing incentives and ensuring equal resource allocation in all schools to boost national and global competitiveness and performance. Typically, reforms could have positive or negative impacts However, sometimes the impacts are both positive and negative. Following government budget cuts, students are expected to pay higher fees while government expenditure on education is reduced significantly(Sharaz,2017)Primarily, the budget cuts is expected to cause an efficiency reduction dividend of 2.5percent.Also,the budget cut is expected to cause decline in long run education vision of the Australian sector. The educational research sector of Australia will suffer from the inadequate funding due to existing and proposed education budget cuts (Shazer, 2017) Significantly, the Australian economy has been boosted by vocational and training reform initiatives. Notably quality education providers and courses have been availed to the population in line with current developments. Vocational education and training is undertaken to prepare the current students for the future labor market. Apprenticeship programs are available for students and there's encourage partnership between education institutions and the corporate world to equip students who are the future labor market with the requisite skills for the requisite future jobs in the Australian labor market (Department of Education and Training ,N .d) Also ,the Australia government is keen of eradicating education inequalities through its country programming Aid program 2014-15. Noteworthy,1.4m students were able to access learning facilities thanks to the programming Aid .Further ,Australia is committed to the universal pledge of universal access to education for all (Unesco,2014)Predominantly, inadequate resource allocation is a key indicator of education inequality anywhere and Australia is no exception. Also, a teacher shortage widens the inequity gap. According to the PWC, The Australian education system could benefit from a student-centered teaching approach for better student performance (PWC, N.d) The Australian government ought to identify the type of reforms needed in its educational sector. Secondly, implementing a student-centered teaching approach to satisfy the needs of individual students for better overall student performance. Thirdly, recommendations should be sought from education experts before the commencement of the planning process for the reforms .Lastly, technological and innovative teaching practices and aids be incorporated into the education system .Quality teachers can be achieved through proper training .Theres need to make the teaching profession more attractive to encourage more students to join the teaching profession. Further, the academic qualification for teacher training standards ought to be raised in a bid to recruit only brilliant performers who are likely to boost student performance in the long term(Australian,2017)Quality teachers are likely to produce excellent students and offer proper learning outcomes to students due to their ability to handle massive students with their special and different needs which is key for quality learning and student performance worldwide .Currently, Australia suffers from the shortage of quality teachers which implies that not all teachers have the expertise for the courses they are offering to students thus contributing widely to individual poor subject performance. Inevitably, an unqualified teacher lacks the necessary skill set and expertise to pass the knowledge to students thus contributing to poor student performance. Profoundly, theres need to ensure and maintain teacher subject expertise for exemplary student performance (Karp, 2016) Moreover, Unqualified teachers are unable to discern and meet individual student needs for better subject performance. Noteworthy, there exist few qualified teachers for the Australian Reading, Maths and Science subjects which has largely contributed to the poor student scores in those three disciplines (Hattie,2011) Predominantly, teacher quality translates into quality education for its students. Teacher quality can be enhanced through raised standards of the teacher learning curriculum. Theres need for the government to recruit qualified tutors for the learning process of future teachers. Usually, poor teaching training standards and courses results into half-baked teachers who are unable to meet the needs of their students equally translating to poor student performance. Also, qualified teachers have skills which enable them to address different student abilities and disabilities as contrasted with unqualified teachers (Harmond, 2010) Nationalization of the national education curriculum for the Australian students is aimed at providing equal opportunities and competitive advantage to students .Ideally, national education curriculum is good because it provides similar opportunities and experiences for all students thus preparing them for national competitiveness in the future(International Education News ,N .d) Moreover, theres need for regular updating of the national education curriculum to accommodate the day to day changes in the economic and education sectors, nationally and globally. Fundamentally, an outdated curriculum is likely to inadequately prepare students for the future labor market thus resulting into workplace redundancies, inefficiency and unproductivity. Noteworthy, current students are the future labor market for the global and national economies respectively. In addition, there is need for updated teacher training curriculum according to the current sector advancement for skill relevancy and better teacher-student performance. Even so, theres need for enhancing teacher quality through cognitive abilities (Ed.Gov,2012)Effective teachers are considered those teachers with good qualities. The recruitment of brilliant teachers is likely to translate into highly motivated individuals thus better student performance as compared to unmotivated teachers who are likely to have chosen the teaching profession as an option rather than a choice and passion for teaching. In addition, effective teachers posses personality traits that make them approachable and able to discern and meet individual student needs hence resulting into better student performance (ED.Gov, 2012)Profoundly, poor student performance has been rampant and growing in disadvantaged schools as compared to properly equipped education institutions in Australia due to resource discrimination thus boosting education inequality and poor education quality(Ellis,2016) Remarkably, the government has introduced measures and policies which have been a bit effective in bridging the resource allocation and distribution gap in Australian schools .For equal competitiveness and in the spirit of quality education, it is imperative that all education sectors in the world practice equity in opportunities allocation and resource distribution for better student performance. Noteworthy, the Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting Authority has been mandated to conduct regular curriculum changes to suit the changing economic standards thus proof of the education commitment by the Australian government. The Authority deals with the evaluation of the national education curriculum (Donelly and Witshire, 2014) There continuous need for regular curriculum review changes to accommodate the changes knowledge and economic times .Nowadays, education has been affected by technological changes which if implemented into the education system will boost education performance and make the learning process interesting for students through the use of modern teaching equipment and practices. The use of presentation aids in tutoring has been credited for capturing and maintaining student concentration and making the learning process easy. Inevitably, economic and education systems are changing thus theres need to accommodate the changes. The implementation of the Australian Higher Education and Reform Act of 2014 is intended to reduce government education funding while shifting the tuition fee financial burden on the students. Some economists view this move as detrimental to an increase in the number of university graduates. Notably, this is because despite the high demand for higher education, high tuition fees will reduce the number of university applications due to the proposed budget cuts and increase in education fees for higher education students (ICEF,2014)The budget cut move is attributed to expansion of the higher education sector. Subsequently ,the budget cuts could reduce the number of higher education graduates instead of causing an expansion. Usually ,pay rises are detrimental to students from low social economic backgrounds who will find it unaffordable to enroll for higher education programs.The government of Australia has emphasized the importance of education quality. Noteworthy ,there was an injection of $8.1 billion into education quality measures and policies(Department of Education and Training, N .d)The quality scheme provides information to all education stakeholders while advocating for quality teaching and learning habits for the Australian education population for better economic performance. Reportedly, the Australian federal budget is implementing a $2.8 Billion dollar funding cut to the higher education system (Bickers,2017)Additionally ,students aspiring for higher education will be expected to pay higher tuition fees which will negatively impact the enrollment figures for higher education. The move to incorporate budget cuts by the government is likely to make higher education expensive thereby resulting into few graduates due to the unaffordability of the high tuition fees. Most students emanate from low social economic background thus this high tuition fees will make university education an unattainable dream for most of the population (Bickers, 2017) Implementation of the recommendations made by the Australian National Curriculum Review will boost parental responsibility through accessibility, eradicate curriculum crowding and improve learning conditions and outcomes for intellectually disabled students. Remarkably ,this move boosts equality and quality education among special and normal student population in Australia while boosting overall student performance(Adoniou ,Louden and Savage,2015)Nationalization of the curriculum has provided equal student opportunities for all students thus promoting competitiveness and similar learning outcomes nationally. Furthermore, discipline learning areas, capabilities and priorities have been incorporated into the national curriculum to boost student performance. Inevitably, reforms in the education sector are vital to the successful performance of the sector in the Australian economy. Despite the implementation of subsidies, tuition fee deregulation and expansion, theres a lot to be done in the Australian education sector. Noteworthy ,higher education expenditure has rapidly grown over the years thus the government intervention through its budgetary cuts(Norton,2015) According to Norton, the expansion of education subsidy arrangement is more beneficial for the Australian education system without the government financial cuts. Through subsidies, most of the student population will access higher education thus boosting the number of skilled future task force. Notably, a skilled labor market is an efficient and productive labor market thus boosting revenue for the government and employers. However, budget cuts are likely to encourage few higher education enrollment rates and more future unskilled labor market resulting in inefficiencies, redundancies and massive layoffs. Conclusion Undoubtedly, Education sector is a key sector for any economy hence the need for government investment and regulation to boost its performance. Typically, education reforms have negative and positive effects and Australian education system is no stranger to such reforms. Reforms aimed at quality and equitable education have positively impacted on the Australian population .However, the increase in tuition fees is likely to do more harm than good. Significantly, the number of enrolled university students will likely decline despite the high-quality standards due to the tuition fee pay hike as per the laws of demand. The Australian government ought to provide teacher and student learning incentives for exemplary education sector performance. Teacher quality can be improved through higher academic requirements for aspiring teachers with an updated curriculum and high teacher curriculum. Usually, quality teachers are likely to boost student performance due to their expertise and skills acquired during training. However, most Australian teachers lack the expertise in their fields of tutoring. Specifically, poor student performance has been recorded in Reading, Maths and science disciplines and the failure attributed to shortage of expert or subject qualified teachers thus the need for government intervention through proper training standards and updated curriculum. Due to the technological changes, the education sector being a contributor to the labor market skillset must adapt to the technological advancements for better student understanding and preparing the students who are the future labor force for the current labor market. References Adoniou, M., Louden, B., and Savage, G.C.(2015)What will changes to the national curriculum mean for schools? Experts Respond. The Conversation.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Australian. (2017)Quality teaching must be the focus of school reform. (2017) The Australian. [Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Bexley, E .(2017)Higher Education Reform Small Changes For Now But Big Ones To Come. The Conversation.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Bickers, C. (2017) University Funding Reportedly to be cut substantially, Federal Budget 2017.News.Com.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Department of Education and Training.(N .d)Upholding Quality - Quality Indicators for Learning and Teaching. Australian Government. [Online] Available at:[Accessed 30 May 2017] Department of Education and Training.(N. d)Vocational Education and Training Reform .Australian Government.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017][Accessed 30 May 2017] Donelly, K.and Witshire, K.(2014)Review of the Australian Curriculum .Australian Government.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] ED.Gov. (2012). Teaching quality and performance among Experienced Teachers in Malaysia. [Online] Australian Journal of Teacher Education 3711), pp. 1-20.[Accessed 30 May 2017] Ellis, K. (2016) Inequality in Australia s schools is growing and must be Reversed. The Guardian.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Groucher, G. (2017) Higher Education Reforms: Cut to Universities ,Higher fees for Students. The Conversation.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Hammond, D L. (2010). Evaluating Teacher Effectiveness. Center for American Progress. [Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Hattie, J. (2011). Challenge of focusing education reform. The Australian.[Online] Available at:[Accessed 30 May 2017] Hattie, J .(2011)Challenges of focusing education reform. The Australian. [Online]Available at[Accessed 30 Apr.2017] ICEF.(2014)Australian Education reforms figure prominently in emerging international education strategy.ICEF.Com.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] International Education News.(N.d)Curriculum reform in Australia. International Education News. [Online]Available from[Accessed 30 May 2017] Karp, P. (2016). Pisa results: Australian students' science, Maths and reading in long-term Decline. The Guardian. [Online]Available at https://[Accessed 30 May 2017] Norton, A.(2015)Education package needs to be changed to succeed .ABC News.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Perry ,L.(2017)Educational Disadvantage is a huge problem in Australia-We can't just carry on the same. The Conversation.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] PWC.(N.d)Education improvement in Australia. PWC. [Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Savage, G.C., King,C.,and Fischetti, Budget 2016:Education Experts React. The Conversation.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Sharaz, D. (2017) Go8 Universities Disappointed by proposed Higher Education Reforms.SBS.Com.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] UNESCO.(2015) Education for all 2015 National Review .UNESCO.Org. [Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Wilson, R.,Dalton,B.,and Baumann.(2015)Six ways Australia s education system is failing our kids. The Conversation.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017] Yaxley, L.(2016)University Deregulation :Government still committed to higher education reforms. ABC News.[Online]Available at[Accessed 30 May 2017]

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Solar Power II Essays - Charge Carriers, Energy Conversion

Solar Power II Solar cells today are mostly made of silicon, one of the most common elements on Earth. The crystalline silicon solar cell was one of the first types to be developed and it is still the most common type in use today. They do not pollute the atmosphere and they leave behind no harmful waste products. Photovoltaic cells work effectively even in cloudy weather and unlike solar heaters, are more efficient at low temperatures. They do their job silently and there are no moving parts to wear out. It is no wonder that one marvels on how such a device would function. To understand how a solar cell works, it is necessary to go back to some basic atomic concepts. In the simplest model of the atom, electrons orbit a central nucleus, composed of protons and neutrons. each electron carries one negative charge and each proton one positive charge. Neutrons carry no charge. Every atom has the same number of electrons as there are protons, so, on the whole, it is electrically neutral. The electrons have discrete kinetic energy levels, which increase with the orbital radius. When atoms bond together to form a solid, the electron energy levels merge into bands. In electrical conductors, these bands are continuous but in insulators and semiconductors there is an "energy gap", in which no electron orbits can exist, between the inner valence band and outer conduction band [Book 1]. Valence electrons help to bind together the atoms in a solid by orbiting 2 adjacent nucleii, while conduction electrons, being less closely bound to the nucleii, are free to move in response to an applied voltage or electric field. The fewer conduction electrons there are, the higher the electrical resistivity of the material. In semiconductors, the materials from which solar sells are made, the energy gap Eg is fairly small. Because of this, electrons in the valence band can easily be made to jump to the conduction band by the injection of energy, either in the form of heat or light [Book 4]. This ex plains why the high resistivity of semiconductors decreases as the temperature is raised or the material illuminated. The excitation of valence electrons to the conduction band is best accomplished when the semiconductor is in the crystalline state, i.e. when the atoms are arranged in a precise geometrical formation or "lattice". At room temperature and low illumination, pure or so-called "intrinsic" semiconductors have a high resistivity. But the resistivity can be greatly reduced by "doping", i.e. introducing a very small amount of impurity, of the order of one in a million atoms. There are 2 kinds of dopant. Those which have more valence electrons that the semiconductor itself are called "donors" and those which have fewer are termed "acceptors" [Book 2]. In a silicon crystal, each atom has 4 valence electrons, which are shared with a neighbouring atom to form a stable tetrahedral structure. Phosphorus, which has 5 valence electrons, is a donor and causes extra electrons to a ppear in the conduction band. Silicon so doped is called "n-type" [Book 5]. On the other hand, boron, with a valence of 3, is an acceptor, leaving so-called "holes" in the lattice, which act like positive charges and render the silicon "p-type"[Book 5]. The drawings in Figure 1.2 are 2-dimensional representations of n- and p-type silicon crystals, in which the atomic nucleii in the lattice are indicated by circles and the bonding valence electrons are shown as lines between the atoms. Holes, like electrons, will remove under the influence of an applied voltage but, as the mechanism of their movement is valence electron substitution from atom to atom, they are less mobile than the free conduction electrons [Book 2]. In a n-on-p crystalline silicon solar cell, a shadow junction is formed by diffusing phosphorus into a boron-based base. At the junction, conduction electrons from donor atoms in the n-region diffuse into the p-region and combine with holes in acceptor atoms, producing a layer of negatively-charged impurity atoms. The opposite action also takes place, holes from acceptor atoms in the p-region crossing into the n-region, combining with electrons and producing positively-charged impurity atoms [Book 4]. The net result of these movements is the disappearance

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Dental Clinic System Essay Example

Dental Clinic System Essay Example Dental Clinic System Essay Dental Clinic System Essay 1. Problem Definition The Dental Clinic wasn’t not that modernized, they didn’t have a system, which can help them on faster and accurate access in all of their records according to every transactions they had every day. Including to this problems are the manual record keepings, scheduling of every patient’s transactions, billing and payments, revenues and expenses of the clinic and lastly the reports of monthly transactions that occurred and the progress of the Dental Clinic. 2. Major Objectives The major objective would be the existence of a system which could be helpful to both users and clients as well. A system which could fulfill or solve every problem that was listed and everything should probably work well, that will help the dentist or the clinic to record all of the transaction made by them, to compute all of their expenses, to record their bill and all of the outside payment and to make every transaction’s accurate and useful on both sides and the existent of a new and modernized Dental Clinic. 3. Conceptual Model 4. Scope or the Study The scope of this study will be more focused on the problem and major objectives of the Dental Clinic itself. Where we can conduct a study and interview about the Clinic and to summarized and create a solution in the end. 5. User Beneficiaries The Dental Clinic’s beneficiaries would be their patient’s or clients that will undergo on a dental check up. It will also help the user for the faster process on every transactions and to avoid the lost of records and forgotten schedules or appointments of the clinic. 6. Nature of the Study

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Arbitrator can determine the proper law

Arbitrator can determine the proper law Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work produced by our Law Essay Writing Service . You can view samples of our professional work here . Arbitrator can determine the proper law The significance of the international arbitration is that one of the foreign legal system and a foreign country is involved, thus they have the ease to affect the deal with the procedural rules and the legal issues of the dispute, it also has a bearing on the cost, the obtaining of the evidence and enforcing an award in a country which may be different from that of the dispute.   [ 1 ]   The question that needs to be in mind while resolving a dispute is that what will be the principles for establishing, which applicable laws will be applied to the arbitration.   [ 2 ]    S (46) (3) of the Arbitration Act 1996   [ 3 ]   , â€Å"is concerned with the situation in which there is no express choice of law, and here the arbitrators are empowered to determine the conflict of laws rules which should apply, and then to apply those conflict of laws rules to decide which law should apply to the contract.†Ã‚   [ 4 ]   The question t hat arises is that the choice suggested by the arbitrator of the applicable rules is that correct and secondly is its application a correct. It is however stated that if the arbitrator has to decide under the English court jurisdiction then the English law would be applicable under the Rome Convention 1980   [ 5 ]   and is therefore stated that if it is not decided with certainty then the that law is decided to which the contract is most closely connected to.   [ 6 ]    In an submission to an agreement it is important to choose the relevant laws that will be applicable in an agreement because if they are expressly stated then in that way they are substantive issues to the disputes and its always better to draft them in a submission agreement, but if the express and the implied choice of law is not made by the parties then in that case the choice of law is determined by the law of seat of the arbitration and the contract as a whole as well.   [ 7 ]    The Seat of arbitrat ion is described in the S (3) of the Arbitration Act 1996   [ 8 ]   which describe that it is essential to have seat for arbitration which defines the geographical location of the arbitration as well as the procedural law, the seat may be different as well e.g. The LCIA ( London Court Of International Arbitration Rules).   [ 9 ]    A number of cases in different jurisdiction which has taken the law appropriate to govern the arbitration agreement. The case of C V D   [ 10 ]   this case emphasis on the even though, in the contract it was stated that, the contract is to be governed by the New York law, the Court of Appeal decided that English law will apply, because it was expressly stated by the parties that any in case of any dispute the issue will be finally resolved in London under the Arbitration Act 1996. To support the judgment the English court gave a list of cases to support the idea, where it was stated that the case will be decided according to the English law wh ere it was made specific that Arbitration Act 1996, other cases such as, Xl insurance Ltd v Owens corning   [ 11 ]   and Noble assurance company and shell petroleum inc v Gerling Konzern general Insurance Company Uk branch   [ 12 ]   . In the case of Black Clawson   [ 13 ]   it was stated that it would be a rare case in which the law of arbitration would not be a seat of arbitration.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Resersal of fortune by Patrick R. Keefe Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Resersal of fortune by Patrick R. Keefe - Essay Example Whereas a discussion of the legal engagement and litigation would have been a none too interesting approach, the author instead able to utilize foreshadowing, a representation of the back story and flash forwarding as a means of engaging interest and promoting the action itself where it might otherwise be a boring or ignored. As a function of this particular level of analysis, the author will discuss some of the core strengths and weaknesses of the article in question, â€Å"Reversal of Fortune†, as well as analyzing what aspects could have made the story more effective and powerful to the reader. Similarly, the author also utilizes rhetorical mode and arrangement as a way of highlighting the argument. Ultimately, many critics of this particular article may point to its excessive length as a primary shortfall with regards the interest of the reader might share. However, this link is only the result of the fact that the writer takes a nuanced and differentiated view of the subject matter at hand. Rather than merely delving into the issue and explain both sides, the representation of the back story and a firm and thorough discussion of the data that supports the case is represented. Furthermore, by arranging the topic in terms of a simulant to the way in which a defendant and a prosecution might operate, the author is able to represent the manner through which the case itself is indicative of the lawsuit and legal entanglements that are so effective in understanding what actually occurred. By allowing the reader to make a determination for themselves, rather than for speeding f acts and opinions, the author is able to present a nuanced case that can be understood and appreciated by all individuals that reader; regardless of their political or socioeconomic affiliation/understanding of South American politics and the means